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Craterocephalus amniculus  Crowley & Ivantsoff, 1990

Darling river hardyhead
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Image of Craterocephalus amniculus (Darling river hardyhead)
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes (Silversides) > Atherinidae (Silversides) > Craterocephalinae
Etymology: Craterocephalus: Greek, krater, -eros = bowl, mixing vessel + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Oceania: New South Wales, Australia.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits slow-flowing, clear waters of small creeks and streams; usually in the shallows or at the surface, often among aquatic vegetation (Ref. 44894). Found in rivers (Ref. 26703). Solitary or in small aggregations of 10-15 fish. Spawning possibly occurs in late to mid summer as indicated by the capture of sub-adults in September. The upper Hunter river (New South Wales) has yielded specimens of a similar hardyhead which are tentatively identified as C. amniculus but could prove to be a separate undescribed species. Formerly mis-identified as C. eyresii (Ref. 44894).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Dyer, Brian S. | Collaborators

Crowley, L.E.L.M. and W. Ivantsoff, 1992. Redefinition of the freshwater fish genus Craterocephalus (Teleostei: Atherinidae) of Australia and New Guinea with an analysis of three species. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 3(3):273-287. (Ref. 26703)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A1c)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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FAO areas
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Ciguatera
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .