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Percarina maeotica  Kuznetsov, 1888

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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Percinae
Etymology: Percarina: Greek, perke = perch + Latin, carina = keel shaped, shell (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic.   Temperate

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); 10.5 cm TL (female); common length : 5.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2058); common length :6 cm TL (female); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-12; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 8 - 11. Distinguished from Percarina demidoffii by its unique character of having scaled cheek. Differs further by the combination of the following characters: body pigmented; back and flanks grey with numerous dense small dark dots, which may be fused into larger spots along base of dorsal fins (Ref. 59043).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Eastern and northeastern Sea of Azov in Gulfs of Taganrog and Temryuk; Bolshoi Akhtanizovski Liman, Kuban delta, rare in Don delta.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits coastal fresh and brackish waters with salinities up to 7 ppt, and river mouths. Occurs in groups. From about 6 mm SL feeds actively on planktonic crustaceans, at 16-40 mm on larger copepods and mysids, and from second year of life on Knipowitschia longecaudata, Clupeonella cultriventis, benthic worms, molluscs and insect larvae. Attains first sexual maturity at 1 year of age. Spawns in at least saline part of Gulf of Taganrog in June-July. Adults migrate to open sea soon after spawning. Eggs are released over mud bottom. Eggs hatch in 2 days and larvae first lie on bottom, moving to the surface at 4 days (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .