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Hexagrammos decagrammus  (Pallas, 1810)

Kelp greenling
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Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Hexagrammos decagrammus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hexagrammos decagrammus (Kelp greenling)
Hexagrammos decagrammus
Picture by Nichols, J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Hexagrammidae (Greenlings) > Hexagramminae
Etymology: Hexagrammos: Greek, exa = six + greek, gramma = letter,signal (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 46 m (Ref. 2850).   Temperate; 66°N - 32°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27436); max. published weight: 2.1 kg (Ref. 27436); max. reported age: 18 years (Ref. 55701)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 21 - 22; Dorsal soft rays (total): 24; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 23 - 24. Caudal broadly rounded or truncate.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Amchitka Island, in the Aleutian chain (Ref. 27436) to La Jolla, southern California, USA.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in rocky inshore areas, common on kelp beds, also on sand bottoms (Ref. 2850). Feeds on crustaceans, polychaete worms, brittle stars, mollusks, and small fishes (Ref. 28499). Young are food of steelheads and salmon (Ref. 6885). Frequently caught by shore and skiff fishers and speared by divers (Ref. 2850).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5159   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.55 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3-5; tmax=18).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
unknown
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.