Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Centriscidae
(Snipefishes and shrimpfishes) > Macroramphosinae
Etymology: Macroramphosus: Greek, makros = great + Greek, rhamphos = beak, bill (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 50 - 500 m (Ref. 58302), usually 50 - 150 m (Ref. 58302). Deep-water; 45°N - 40°S, 180°W - 180°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Indo-Pacific and Western Central Atlantic: Indo-West-Pacific: Africa through the tropical Pacific to Hawaii and Desventuradas Is. and Juan Fernandez Is. (Ref. 89357). Eastern Central Pacific: California, USA. Western Central Atlantic: Florida, USA and Bahamas to Cuba (Ref. 7251).
Found in a wide range of habitats, from near surface to near bottom and sometimes in huge schools (Ref. 2850). May range into coastal waters (Ref. 36711). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 36711). Seems to be sympatric with Macroramphosus scolopax (Linnaeus, 1758) all around the world (Ref. 89357).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7502 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00573 - 0.03483), b=2.94 (2.73 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.55-1.18; tmax=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .