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Apogon erythrinus  Snyder, 1904

Hawaiian ruby cardinalfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Apogon erythrinus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Apogon erythrinus (Hawaiian ruby cardinalfish)
Apogon erythrinus
Picture by Cook, D.C.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Apogonidae (Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Apogon: Greek, a = without + Greek pogon = chin, beard (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Snyder.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 48 m (Ref. 58302).   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40822)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 8. Differs from other members of the A. erythrinus complex by having the following characteristics: from all others by having a much longer second dorsal fin spine, reaching to at least the base of third ray of second dorsal fin when depressed (spine in other species do not reach third ray); from A. indicus by having 14 pectoral fin rays (versus 13, rarely 12 or 14), and by lacking pigment on the dorsal surface of the caudal peduncle (present in A. indicus); from A. marquesensis by lacking scattered chromatophores on sides of caudal peduncle that extend anteriorly as a band from caudal fin base to vertical from ends of dorsal and anal fin rays (pigment extends forward as a band in A. marquesensis); from A. susanae by having pigment present on scale edges at front of second dorsal fin and sometimes along its base and scattered chromatophores on caudal fin base (absent in A. susanae) (Ref. 40822).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: known only from the Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Island. Reports of occurrence in other Indo-West Pacific countries are questionable.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in shallow water and observed to be active only at night, near the bottom, and never far from its shelter (Ref. 27665). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Greenfield, D.W., 2001. Revision of the Apogon erythrinus complex (Teleostei: Apogonidae). Copeia 2001(2):459-472. (Ref. 40822)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00706 - 0.03245), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=0.3 (120 days)).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .