Family Hemiramphidae - Halfbeaks
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 8 | Species : 63 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary     Eocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Halfbeaks are known from the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. The lower jaw much longer than upper jaw; premaxillae pointed anteriorly; short pectoral and pelvic fins. Vertebrae 38-75 (except 18-25 in Arrhamphus). About 45 cm maximum length. Eggs are attached to algae in shallow waters; viviparity in Dermogenys, Nomorphamphus, and Hemirhamphodon. Surface dwelling omnivores of algae, zooplankton and fishes. CLOFFSCA: The Hemiramphidae, the halfbeaks, are one of five families of the order Beloniformes. They are the sister-group of the Exocoetidae, the flying fishes, forming the superfamily Exocoetoidea (Collette et al., 1984). Most halfbeaks have an elongate lower jaw that distinguishes them from flying fishes which have lost the elongate lower jaw and from needlefishes (Belonidae) and sauries (Scomberesocidae) which have both jaws elongate. The family is defined by one derived character, third pair of upper pharyngeal bones anklylosed into a plate. Other diagnostic characters include: pectoral fins short or moderately long; premaxillae pointed anteriorly, forming a triangular upper jaw (except in Oxyporhamphus); lower jaw elongate in juveniles of all genera, adults of most genera; parapophyses forked; swimbladder not extending into haemal canal; nostrils in a pit anterior to the eyes; no spines in fins; dorsal and anal fins posterior in position; pelvic fins in abdominal position, with 6 soft rays; lateral line running down from pectoral fin origin and then backward along ventral margin of body. Scales moderately large, cycloid, easily detached. Color. These fishes live at the surface and are protectively colored for this mode of life being green or blue on the back and silvery white on the sides and ventrally. Tip of the lower jaw bright red or orange in life in most species. Most species are marine, but some inhabit freshwaters; omnivorous, feeding on floating sea grasses, crustaceans and small fishes. They are prone to leap and skitter at the surface and one offshore species, Euleptorhamphus velox can leap out of the water and glide like a flying fish. The flesh is excellent and larger species of halfbeaks are utilized as food in many parts of the world. In the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea, they are more important as baitfish for billfishes, dolphins, kingfish, wahoo, and king mackerel than as food fish. They are caught with seines or dipnetted under lights at night. The Hemiramphidae contains 12 genera and over 100 species (Collette, in press.) Four genera, the first three monotypic (Arrhamphus, Chriodorus, Melapedalion, and Oxyporhampus) have very short or no beaks. Euleptorhamphus and Oxyporhamphus contain two offshore species each. The subfamily Zenarchopterinae, which is now recognized as a separate family, Zenarchopteridae (Ref. ), contains five genera and about 50 sexually dimorphic internally-fertilizing Indo-West Pacific estuarine or freshwater species (Meisner and Collette, 1999). Three of these genera (Dermogenys, Hemirhamphodon, and Nomorhamphus) are viviparous and have the anal fin of the male modified into an andropodium. Hemiramphus (with 10 species) is a world wide marine genus. Rhynchorhamphus (with 4 species) has fimbriate nasal papillae and is confined to Indo-West Pacific marine waters. Hyporhamphus, the most speciose genus, includes two subgenera, Hyporhamphus with 23 species and Reporhamphus with 11 species, all confined to the Indo-West Pacific. Some species are marine, some estuarine, and some freshwater. All genera are characterized by particular lateral line characters (Parin and Astakhov, 1982). The halfbeak fauna of the western Atlantic includes nine marine species in five genera (Collette, in press), Chriodorus (1 species), Euleptorhamphus (1), Oxyporhamphus (1), Hemiramphus (3), and Hyporhamphus (3), plus two freshwater species of Hyporhamphus in rivers draining into the western Atlantic.
  Etymology
:
Greek, hemi = half + Greek, rhamphos = beak, bill ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
active
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Ovalentaria | Atherinomorphae | Beloniformes | Exocoetoidei | Hemiramphidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Hemiramphidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Hemirhamphus regularis (non Günther, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemiramphus brasiliensis (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Esox brasiliensis Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal2
Hemiramphus brownii Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiramphus far (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Esox far Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal2
Esox marginatus far Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniorchange in rank
! Hemirhamphus far (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Esox gladius Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal
Hemirhamphus obesus Castelnau, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemirhamphus marginatus (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemiramphus marginatus (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Esox marginatus Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal2
! Hemirhamphus marginatus (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
Hemiramphus balao Lesueur, 1821
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Hemirhamphus balao Lesueur, 1821
synonymseniororiginal
Hemiramphus vittatus Valenciennes, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiramphus pleii Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiramphus brasiliensis (non Linneaus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemiramphus depauperatus Lay & Bennett, 1839
acceptedseniororiginal
! Hemirhamphus depauperatus Lay & Bennett, 1839
synonymseniororiginal1
Hemiramphus lutkei Valenciennes, 1847
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Hemiramphus lukei Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal
Hemiramphus fasciatus Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiramphus japonicus Brevoort, 1856
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Hemiramphus marginatus (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemiramphus robustus Günther, 1866
acceptedseniororiginal
! Hemirhamphus robustus Günther, 1866
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiramphus saltator Gilbert & Starks, 1904
acceptedseniororiginal
! Hemirhamphus saltator Gilbert & Starks, 1904
synonymseniororiginal1
Hemiramphus convexus Weber & de Beaufort, 1922
acceptedseniororiginal
! Hemirhamphus convexus Weber & de Beaufort, 1922
synonymseniororiginal1
Oxyporhamphus convexus (Weber & de Beaufort, 1922)
synonymseniornew
Oxyporhamphus convexus convexus (Weber & de Beaufort, 1922)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Oxyporhamphus convexus bruuni Parin, Collette & Shcherbachev, 1980
synonymjuniororiginal5
Hemiramphus bruuni (Parin, Collette &Shcherbachev, 1980)
synonymjuniornew
Oxyporhamphus micropterus micropterus (non Valenciennes, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemiramphus archipelagicus Collette & Parin, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemiramphus marginatus (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Euleptorhamphus viridis (van Hasselt, 1823)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiramphus viridis van Hasselt, 1823
synonymseniororiginal2
! Hemirhamphus viridis van Hasselt, 1823
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Hemiramphus macrorhynchus Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemirhamphus longirostris (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Euleptorhamphus viridis (non Van Hasselt, 1832)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Hemiranphus unifasciatus Ranzani, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
! Hyporamphus unifasciatus (Ranzani, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Hemiramphus richardi Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus richardi (Valenciennes, 1847)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
Hemirhamphus unifasciatus (non Ranzani, 1842)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemirhamphus georgi (non Valenciennes, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemirhamphus georgii (non Valenciennes, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus limbatus (non Valenciennes, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus gamberur (Rüppell, 1837)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiramphus gamberur Rüppell, 1837
synonymseniororiginal2
Esox gambarur Lacepède, 1803
ambiguousotheroriginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Hyporhamphus kurumeus Jordan & Starks, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemirhamphus kurumeus (Jordan & Starks, 1903)
synonymjuniornew
Hyporhamphus sinensis (non Günther, 1886)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus sajori (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiramphus sajori Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
synonymseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiramphus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
! Hyporhamphus dussumierii (Valenciennes, 1847)
synonymseniornew
Hemiramphus reynaldi Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Hemirhamphus laticeps Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiramphus laticeps Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal
Hyporhamphus laticeps (Günther, 1866)
synonymjuniornew
Hyporhamphus samoensis Steindachner, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus gernaerti (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiramphus gernaerti Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiramphus intermedius (non Cantor, 1842)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus limbatus (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiramphus limbatus Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
! Hemirhamphus limbatus Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemirhamphus sinensis Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus sinensis (Günther, 1866)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus unifasciatus (non Ranzani, 1842)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemiramphus gaimardi (non Valenciennes, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemiramphus melanurus (non Valenciennes, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus melanochir (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiramphus melanochir Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
Reporhamphus melanochir (Valenciennes, 1847)
ambiguousothernew
Hemirhamphus intermedius (non Cantor, 1842)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus australis (non Steindachner, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus picarti (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiramphus picarti Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
! Hyporamphus picarti (Valenciennes, 1847)
synonymseniornew
Hemiramphus schlegeli Bleeker, 1863
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Hemirhamphus schlegeli Bleeker, 1863
synonymjuniororiginal
! Hypoirhamphus schlegeli (Bleeker, 1863)
synonymjuniornew
! Hemirhamphus calabaricus Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal
Hemiramphus gamberur (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus unifasciatus (non Ranzani, 1840)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus xanthopterus (non Valenciennes, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus quoyi (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiramphus quoyi Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
! Hemiramphus quoye Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal
! Hemirhamphus quoyi Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal
Hemiramphus gaimardi Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hyporamphus gaimardi (Valenciennes, 1847)
synonymjuniornew
! Hemirhamphus gaimard Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal
! Hemirhamphus gaimardi Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal
Hemiramphus melanurus Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Hemirhamphus melanurus Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal
Hemiramphus mioprorus Jordan & Dickerson, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Hemiramphus micropterus Jordan & Dickerson, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal
Reporhamphus caudalis Whitley, 1951
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiramphus limbatus (non Valenciennes, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus balinensis (non Bleeker, 1859)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus roberti roberti (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiramphus roberti Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal5
Hyporhamphus roberti (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Hyporhamphus kronei Miranda Ribeiro, 1915
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus salvatoris Fowler & Bean, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal5
Hyporhamphus xanthopterus (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiramphus xanthopterus Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
! Hemirhamphus xanthopterus Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal
Hyporhamphus balinensis (Bleeker, 1858)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus affinis (Günther, 1866)
acceptedseniornew
! Hemirhamphus affinis Günther, 1866
synonymseniororiginal2
Hemiramphus affinis Günther, 1866
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemirhamphus delagoae Barnard, 1925
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus delagoae (Barnard, 1925)
synonymjuniornew
Hemirhamphus dussumieri (non Valenciennes, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus dussumieri (non Valenciennes, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus balinensis (non Bleeker, 1859)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemirhamphus balinensis (non Bleeker, 1959)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus australis (Steindachner, 1866)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiramphus australis Steindachner, 1866
synonymseniororiginal2
! Hemirhamphus australis Steindachner, 1866
synonymseniororiginal
Hemiramphus trilineatus Steindachner, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemirhamphus intermedius (non Cantor, 1842)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemirhamphus melanochir (non Valenciennes, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus neglectus (Bleeker, 1866)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Hemirhamphus neclectus Bleeker, 1866
synonymseniororiginal
! Hyporamphus neglectus (Bleeker, 1866)
synonymseniornew
Hyporhamphus gaimardi (non Valenciennes, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus regularis (Günther, 1866)
acceptedseniornew
Hemirhamphus regularis Günther, 1866
synonymseniororiginal5
acceptedseniornew
Reporhamphus regularis (Günther, 1866)
synonymseniornew
Reporhamphus ardelio Whitley, 1931
synonymseniororiginal5
acceptedseniornew
Euleptorhamphus longirostris (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemiramphus gaimardi (non Valenciennes, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Reporhamphus australis (non Steindachner, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus acutus (Günther, 1872)
acceptedseniornew
Hemirhamphus acutus Günther, 1872
synonymseniororiginal5
synonymseniornew
! Hyporhamphus actus (Günther, 1872)
synonymseniornew
Hemiramphus furcatus Philippi, 1876
synonymjuniororiginal5
synonymjuniororiginal5
synonymjuniororiginal5
Hyporhamphus rosae (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880)
acceptedseniornew
Hemirhamphus rosae Jordan & Gilbert, 1880
synonymseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus patris Miller, 1945
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus capensis (Thominot, 1886)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiramphus capensis Thominot, 1886
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Hemirhamphus unifasciatus (non Ranzani, 1842)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemiramphus calabaricus (non Günther, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus pacificus (Steindachner, 1900)
acceptedseniornew
Hemirhamphus pacificus Steindachner, 1900
synonymseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus acutus pacificus (Steindachner, 1900)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Hyporhamphus sidensis (Regan, 1905)
synonymseniornew
Hyporhamphus gilli Meek & Hildebrand, 1923
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus snyderi Meek & Hildebrand, 1923
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus roberti hildebrandi Jordan & Evermann, 1927
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Hyporhamphus hildebrandi Jordan & Evermann, 1927
synonymseniororiginal5
Hyporhamphus ihi Phillipps, 1932
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemirhamphus intermedius (non Cantor, 1842)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemirhamphus australis (non Steindachner, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Hemirhamphus dussumieri (non Valenciennes, 1847)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus delagoae (non Barnard, 1925)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus brederi (Fernández-Yépez, 1948)
acceptedseniornew
Ichthyacus breederi Fernández-Yépez, 1948
synonymseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus mexicanus Álvarez, 1959
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus melanopterus Collette & Parin, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus paucirastris Collette & Parin, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus unicuspis Collette & Parin, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Hyporhamphus unicarpis Collette & Parin, 1978
synonymseniororiginal
Hyporhamphus yuri Collette & Parin, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus neglectissimus Parin, Collette & Shcherbachev, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus taiwanensis Collette & Su, 1986
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus occipitalis (non Gill, 1859)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus meeki Banford & Collette, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus naos Banford & Collette, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hemirhamphus unifasciatus (non Ranzani, 1841)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus unifasciatus (non Ranzani, 1841)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemirhamphus roberti (non Valenciennes, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hyporhamphus roberti (non Valenciennes, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemirhamphus poeyi (non Günther, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus unifasciatus (non Ranzani, 1842)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Oxyporhamphus micropterus (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Exocoetus micropterus Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
Evolantia micropterus (Valenciennes, 1847)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Hemiramphus argenteus Bennett, 1840
ambiguousquestionableoriginal5
Hemiramphus cuspidatus Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal5
acceptedseniorchange in rank
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Arrhamphus sclerolepis Günther, 1866
acceptedseniororiginal5
Arrhamphus sclerolepis krefftii (Steindachner, 1867)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiramphus kreftii Steindachner, 1867
synonymseniororiginal5
Hemirhamphus breviceps Castelnau, 1878
synonymjuniororiginal5
Hemiramphus argenteus (non Bennett, 1840)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemirhamphus argenteus (non Bennett, 1840)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Arramphus sclerolepis (non Günther, 1880)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hemirhamphus sclerolepis (non Günther, 1880)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Arrhamphus brevis (non Seale, 1910)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Chriodorus atherinoides Goode & Bean, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Chriodorus atherionoides Goode & Bean, 1882
synonymseniororiginal
Rhynchorhamphus georgii (Valenciennes, 1847)
acceptedseniornew
Hemiramphus georgii Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal2
Hyporhamphus georgi (Valenciennes, 1847)
synonymseniornew
Hyporhampus georgii (Valenciennes, 1847)
synonymseniornew
! Hemirhamphus georgii Valenciennes, 1847
synonymseniororiginal
Hemiramphus eclancheri Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiramphus leucopterus Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemiramphus russeli Valenciennes, 1847
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemirhamphus cantori Bleeker, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Hemirhamphus marginatus (non Forrskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Rhynchorhamphus arabicus Parin & Shcherbachev, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
Rhynchorhamphus naga Collette, 1976
acceptedseniororiginal2
Melapedalion breve (Seale, 1910)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Arrhamphus brevis (Seale, 1910)
synonymseniornew
! Melapedalion brevis (Seale, 1910)
synonymseniornew
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