Family Opistognathidae - Jawfishes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 3 | Species : 80 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: western and central Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific (Gulf of California to Panama). Large-mouthed. Cycloid scales with head naked. Pelvic fins more anterior than pectorals; 1 spine, 5 soft rays (inner 3 weak and branched, outer 2 stout and unbranched). Continuous dorsal fin 9-12 spines. High lateral line running along dorsal, terminating at the middle of dorsal fin (a species with both ventral and dorsal lateral lines). Palatine toothless. Species of Stalix with transversly forked anterior spines in dorsal fin. Mostly small fishes with enlarged head and mouth and narrow tapering body. Live in burrows in sand which they enter tail-first. Feed on benthic and planktonic invertebrates. Mouthbrooders.
  Etymology
:
Greek, opisthe = behind + Greek, gnathos = jaw ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Ovalentaria | Incertae sedis in Ovalentaria | Opistognathidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Opistognathidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
ambiguousotheroriginal2
! Opisthognathus ocellatus Ehrenberg, 1836
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Opisthognatus ocellatus Ehrenberg, 1836
ambiguousotheroriginal
! Opisthognathus sonneratii Valenciennes, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal2
Opisthognathus cuvierii Valenciennes, 1840
ambiguoushomonymoriginal1
! Opisthognathus cuvieri Valenciennes, 1840
ambiguoushomonymoriginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Opistognathus castelnaui (non Bleeker, 1860)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Opistognathus cuvierii Valenciennes, 1836
acceptedseniororiginal
! Opisthognathus cuvierii Valenciennes, 1836
synonymseniororiginal1
! Gnathypops cuvieri (Valenciennes, 1836)
synonymseniornew
! Opisthognathus cuvieri Valenciennes, 1836
synonymseniororiginal
! Opistognathus cuvieri Valenciennes, 1836
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
! Opistognathus rosenbergi Bleeker, 1856
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Opistognathus scaphiurus Goode & Bean, 1882
synonymjuniororiginal
Opisthognathus fasciatum Longley & Hildebrand, 1940
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal
! Opisthognathus papuensis Bleeker, 1868
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
Opistognathus lonchurus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal
! Opisthognathus lonchurus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
Opistognathus rhomaleus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal
! Opisthognathus rhomaleus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
synonymseniororiginal1
Opistognathus inornatus Ramsay & Ogilby, 1887
acceptedseniororiginal
! Opisthognathus inornatus Ramsay & Ogilby, 1887
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
! Opisthognathus muscatensis Boulenger, 1888
synonymseniororiginal1
! Ophisthognathus muscatensis Boulenger, 1888
synonymseniororiginal
! Opistignathus muscatensis Boulenger, 1888
synonymseniororiginal
Opistognathus scops (Jenkins & Evermann, 1889)
acceptedseniornew
Gnathypops scops Jenkins & Evermann, 1889
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Opistognathus evermanni (Jordan & Snyder, 1902)
acceptedseniornew
Gnathypops evermanni Jordan & Snyder, 1902
synonymseniororiginal2
Opistognathus hopkinsi (Jordan & Snyder, 1902)
acceptedseniornew
Gnathypops hopkinsi Jordan & Snyder, 1902
synonymseniororiginal2
Opistognathus aurifrons (Jordan & Thompson, 1905)
acceptedseniornew
Gnathypops aurifrons Jordan & Thompson, 1905
synonymseniororiginal2
! Opisthognathus aurifrons (Jordan & Thompson, 1905)
synonymseniornew
Opistognathus dendriticus (Jordan & Richardson, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Gnathypops dendritica Jordan & Richardson, 1908
synonymseniororiginal2
Opistognathus eximius (Ogilby, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
Merogymnus eximius Ogilby, 1908
synonymseniororiginal2
Opistognathus iyonis (Jordan & Thompson, 1913)
acceptedseniornew
Gnathypops iyonis Jordan & Thompson, 1913
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Opisthognathus whitehursti (Longley, 1927)
synonymseniornew
! Opisthognathus whitehurstii (Longley, 1927)
synonymseniornew
! Opisthognothus whitenhursti (Longley, 1927)
synonymseniornew
! Opistognathus whitehurstii (Longley, 1927)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
Tandya latitabunda Whitley, 1937
synonymseniororiginal2
! Opistognathus latitabunda (Whitley, 1937)
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
acceptedseniornew
Tandya reticulata McKay, 1969
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Opistognathus megalepis Smith-Vaniz, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus melachasme Smith-Vaniz, 1972
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus margaretae Smith-Vaniz, 1983
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus decorus Smith-Vaniz & Yoshino, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal2
Gnathypops sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Opistognathus sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Opistognathus liturus Smith-Vaniz & Yoshino, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Opistognathus galapagensis Allen & Robertson, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus mexicanus Allen & Robertson, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus panamaensis Allen & Robertson, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus rosenblatti Allen & Robertson, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus fenmutis Acero P. & Franke, 1993
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus brasiliensis Smith-Vaniz, 1997
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus leprocarus Smith-Vaniz, 1997
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus nothus Smith-Vaniz, 1997
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus melachasme (non Smith-Vaniz, 1972)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Opistognathus robinsi Smith-Vaniz, 1997
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus cuvieri (non Valenciennes, 1836)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
! Opisthognathus macrognathus (non Poey, 1860)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Opistognathus signatus Smith-Vaniz, 1997
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus brochus Bussing & Lavenberg, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus fossoris Bussing & Lavenberg, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus smithvanizi Bussing & Lavenberg, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Opistognathus walkeri Bussing & Lavenberg, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus alleni Smith-Vaniz, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus sp. nov. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Opistognathus reticeps Smith-Vaniz, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus seminudus Smith-Vaniz, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Opistognathus stigmosus Smith-Vaniz, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Opistognathus verecundus Smith-Vaniz, 2004
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus rufilineatus Smith-Vaniz & Allen, 2007
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus cyanospilotus Smith-Vaniz, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Opistognathus solorensis (non Bleeker, 1836)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Opistognathus castelnaui (non Bleeker, 1860)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Opistognathus randalli Smith-Vaniz, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Opistognathus variabilis Smith-Vaniz, 2009
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
synonymotherother
synonymotherother
Opistognathus solorensis (non Bleeker, 1853)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Opistognathus adelus Smith-Vaniz, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus afer Smith-Vaniz, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus crassus Smith-Vaniz, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Opistognathus dipharus Smith-Vaniz, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus longinaris Smith-Vaniz, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus simus Smith-Vaniz, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus albicaudatus Smith-Vaniz, 2011
acceptedseniororiginal2
Opistognathus pardus Smith-Vaniz, Bineesh & Akhilesh, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lonchopisthus lindneri Ginsburg, 1942
synonymjuniororiginal2
Lonchopisthus lemur (Myers, 1935)
acceptedseniornew
Lonchistium lemur Myers, 1935
synonymseniororiginal2
Lonchopisthus meadi Menezes & Lima de Figueiredo, 1971
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lonchopisthus sinuscalifornicus Castro-Aguirre & Villavicencio-Garayzar, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal2
Stalix histrio Jordan & Snyder, 1902
acceptedseniororiginal2
Stalix versluysi (Weber, 1913)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Stalix moenensis (Popta, 1922)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Stalix omanensis Norman, 1939
acceptedseniororiginal2
Stalix immaculata Xu & Zhan, 1980
acceptedseniororiginal
! Stalix immaculatus Xu & Zhan, 1980
synonymseniororiginal1
! Stalix immaculaatus Xu & Zhan, 1980
synonymseniororiginal
Stalix davidsheni Klausewitz, 1985
acceptedseniororiginal2
Stalix dicra Smith-Vaniz, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal2
Stalix eremia Smith-Vaniz, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal2
Stalix flavida Smith-Vaniz, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal2
Stalix sheni Smith-Vaniz, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal2
Stalix toyoshio Shinohara, 1999
acceptedseniororiginal2
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