Family Malacanthidae - Tilefishes
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 5 | Species : 45 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
      Miocene
Ref..   Arambourg, C. 1927
  Remark
:
Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. Depth range 10-500 m (usually 50-200 m). One species (Malacanthus latovittatus) may be found in both marine and brackish water (Goldie River, New Guinea).(Ref. 8991). One relatively long dorsal fin; total dorsal fin rays 22-64. Relatively long anal fin; 1 or 2 weak spines; soft rays 14-56. Top of head with or without cutaneous ridge. Operculum with one blunt or sharp spine. Branchiostegal rays 6. Truncate, double emarginate, emarginate to forked caudal fin. Vertebrae 24, 25, or 27 (precaudal 10 or 11). Larvae with elaborate spines (elongated and serrate) on the head and scale (Ref. 8991). All species live in a burrow, some in a large rubble mound of their own construction, in pairs or colonies. They feed on benthic invertebrates or zoopankton. Assumed to be nonguarders (RF). Most aquarium specimens are collected with poison and soon die. According to Dooley 1978 (Ref. 8991), the tilefishes are comprised of two morphologically different and evolutionary distinct groups and are distinct enough to be separate families [Branchiostegidae: with genera Branchiostegus, Lopholatilus, Caulolatilus and Malacanthidae: with genera Hoplolatilus and Malacanthus].
  Etymology
:
Greek, mala = a lot of + Greek, akantha = thorn ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Incertae sedis in Percomorpharia | Malacanthidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Malacanthidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Malacanthinae
Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch, 1786)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Malacanthus trachinus Valenciennes, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Labrus latovittatus Lacepède, 1801
synonymseniororiginal2
Oceanops latovittatus (Lacepède, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Taenianotus latovittatus (Lacepède, 1802)
ambiguousothernew
Malacanthus taeniatus Valenciennes, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot, 1848
acceptedseniororiginal2
Malacanthus hoedtii Bleeker, 1859
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Malacanthus hoedti Bleeker, 1859
synonymjuniororiginal
Malacanthus parvipinnis Vaillant & Sauvage, 1875
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
Latilus fronticinctus Günther, 1887
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Hoplolatilus oreni (Clark & Ben-Tuvia, 1973)
acceptedseniornew
Asymmetrurus oreni Clark & Ben-Tuvia, 1973
synonymseniororiginal2
Hoplolatilus cuniculus Randall & Dooley, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hoplolatilus starcki Randall & Dooley, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hoplolatilus chlupatyi Klausewitz, McCosker, Randall & Zetzsche, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hoplolatilus marcosi Burgess, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hoplolatilus geo Fricke & Kacher, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hoplolatilus luteus Allen & Kuiter, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hoplolatilus fourmanoiri (non Smith, 1964)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Hoplolatilus pohle Earle & Pyle, 1997
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Hoplolatilus randalli Allen, Erdmann & Hamilton, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal2
Latilinae
Branchiostegus japonicus (Houttuyn, 1782)
acceptedseniornew
Coryphaena japonica Houttuyn, 1782
synonymseniororiginal2
Latilus japonicus (Houttuyn, 1782)
synonymseniornew
! Brachiostegus japonicus (Houttuyn, 1782)
synonymseniornew
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Coryphaenoides hottuynii Lacepède, 1801
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
! Coryphaenoides houttuynii Lacepède, 1801
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Latilus ruber Kishinouye, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal2
Branchiostegus argentatus (non Cuvier, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
Latilus argentatus Cuvier, 1830
synonymseniororiginal2
Coryphaena sinensis Lacepède, 1801
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Latilus tollardi Chabanaud, 1924
synonymjuniororiginal2
Branchiostegus tollardi (Chabanaud, 1924)
synonymjuniornew
! Branchiostegus tollarai (Chabanaud, 1924)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Branchiostegus japonicus (non Houttuyn, 1782)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Branchiostegus auratus (non Kishinouye, 1907)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
Latilus doliatus Cuvier, 1830
synonymseniororiginal2
Latilus argentatus (non Cuvier, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Branchiostegus auratus (Kishinouye, 1907)
acceptedseniornew
Latilus auratus Kishinouye, 1907
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Branchiostegus wardi Whitley, 1932
acceptedseniororiginal2
Branchiostegus sawakinensis Amirthalingam, 1969
acceptedseniororiginal2
Branchiotegus japonicus (non Houttuyn, 1782)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Branchiostegus serratus Dooley & Paxton, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Branchiostegus japonicus (non Houttuyn, 1782)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Branchiostegus argentatus (non Cuvier, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Branchiostegus australiensis Dooley & Kailola, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal2
Branchiostegus sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Branchiostegus gloerfelti Dooley & Kailola, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal2
Branchiostegus sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Branchiostegus doliatus (non Cuvier, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Branchiostegus hedlandensis Dooley & Kailola, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal2
Branchiostegus paxtoni Dooley & Kailola, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal2
Branchiostegus saitoi Dooley & Iwatsuki, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal2
Caulolatilus chrysops (Valenciennes, 1833)
acceptedseniornew
Latilus chrysops Valenciennes, 1833
synonymseniororiginal2
Caulolatilus princeps (Jenyns, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Latilus princeps Jenyns, 1840
synonymseniororiginal2
Dekaya anomala Cooper, 1863
synonymjuniororiginal2
Caulolatilus affinis Hildebrand, 1946
ambiguousotheroriginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Caulolatilus cabezon Evermann & Radcliffe, 1917
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Caulolatilus microps Goode & Bean, 1878
acceptedseniororiginal2
Caulolatilus intermedius Howell Rivero, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal2
Caulolatilus guppyi Beebe & Tee-Van, 1937
acceptedseniororiginal2
Caulolatilus williamsi Dooley & Berry, 1977
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Caulolatilus hubbsi Dooley, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Lopholatilus villarii Miranda Ribeiro, 1915
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
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