Family Priacanthidae - Bigeyes or catalufas
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 4 | Species : 19 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary   middle   Eocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Tropical and subtropical Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans. Eyes very big, with a brilliant reflective layer (tapetum lucidum). Mouth big and superior (strongly oblique). Dorsal fin spines usually 10; soft rays 10-15. Three spines in anal fin; soft rays 9-16. Caudal fin slightly emarginate to rounded. Sixteen principal rays in caudal fin (2 unbranched). Inner rays of pelvic fin attached to body by a membrane. Scales very rough with integral spines, usually bright red in color. Epibenthic and generally associated with rock formations or coral reefs; a few species are often trawled in more open areas; usually carnivorous and nocturnal. Eggs, larvae and early juvenile stages are pelagic. Typically less than 30 cm TL, but largest species attains more than 50 cm maximum length. Used as foodfish.
  Etymology
:
Greek, prioo = to bit + Greek, akantha = thorn ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Incertae sedis in Percomorpharia | Priacanthidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Priacanthidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål, 1775)
acceptedseniornew
Sciaena hamrur Forsskål, 1775
synonymseniororiginal2
! Priacanthus hamrua (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Priacanthus hamrus (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
! Priacanthus hanirur (Forsskål, 1775)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus fax Valenciennes, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus speculum Valenciennes, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus dubius Temminck & Schlegel, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal2
Boops asper Gronow, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus schlegelii Hilgendorf, 1879
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Priacanthus insularum Johnson, 1862
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniororiginal
Priacanthus benmebari Temminck & Schlegel, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus junonis De Vis, 1884
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus bleekeri (non Castelnau, 1873)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Priacanthus tayenus Richardson, 1846
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Priacanthus tayanus Richardson, 1846
synonymseniororiginal
! Priacanthus tayeus Richardson, 1846
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus schmittii Bleeker, 1852
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus blochii Bleeker, 1853
acceptedseniororiginal2
Priacanthus alalaua Jordan & Evermann, 1903
acceptedseniororiginal2
Priacanthus hamrur (non Forsskål, 1775)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Priacanthus meeki Jenkins, 1903
acceptedseniororiginal2
Priacanthus helvolus Jordan, Evermann & Tanaka, 1927
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus macracanthus (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Priacanthus fitchi Starnes, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal2
Priacanthus sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Priacanthus nasca Starnes, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal2
Priacanthus prolixus Starnes, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Priacanthus proxilus Starnes, 1988
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal2
Priacanthus sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Priacanthus blochii (non Bleeker, 1853)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Priacanthus zaiserae Starnes & Moyer, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal2
Priacanthus sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
! Priacanthus zaizerae Starnes & Moyer, 1988
synonymseniororiginal
Pristigenys niphonia (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
! Pristigenys niphonius (Cuvier, 1829)
synonymseniornew
Polyprion japonicus Langsdorf, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus meyeri (non Günther, 1872)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pristigenys alta (Gill, 1862)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
! Pristigenys altas (Gill, 1862)
synonymseniornew
Pristigenys refulgens (Valenciennes, 1862)
acceptedseniornew
Pristigenys sp. Not applicable
synonymotherother
Myripristis refulgens Valenciennes, 1862
synonymseniororiginal2
Priacanthus refulgens (Valenciennes, 1862)
synonymseniornew
Pristigenys niphonia (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pristigenys niphonius (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliednew
Pseudopriacanthus niphonius (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliednew
Priacanthus meyeri (non Günther, 1872)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Pristigenys meyeri (Günther, 1872)
acceptedseniornew
Priacanthus meyeri Günther, 1872
synonymseniororiginal2
Pristigenys multifasciata Yoshino & Iwai, 1973
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pristigenys serrula (Gilbert, 1891)
acceptedseniornew
Priacanthus serrula Gilbert, 1891
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cookeolus japonicus (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Priacanthus macropterus Valenciennes, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus macropus Valenciennes, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus alticlarens Valenciennes, 1862
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus supraarmatus Hilgendorf, 1879
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus velabundus McCulloch, 1915
synonymjuniororiginal2
Anthias boops (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Cookeolus boops (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Priacanthus boops (non Forster, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
Labrus cruentatus Lacepède, 1801
synonymseniororiginal2
Priacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Anthias boops Forster, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cookeolus boops (Forster, 1801)
synonymjuniornew
Priacanthus boops (Forster, 1801)
synonymjuniornew
Priacanthus cepedianus Desmarest, 1823
synonymjuniororiginal2
Serranus rufus Bowdich, 1825
synonymjuniororiginal2
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus bleekeri Castelnau, 1873
synonymjuniororiginal2
Priacanthus japonicus (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Priacanthus alticlarens (non Valenciennes, 1862)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
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